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Nagasaki

Born of an aristocrat in Spain, Francisco Xavier established the Society of Jesus in Paris in 1534.  The Society of Jesus, which was organized for the propagation of the Christian religion into the world, was engaged in the missionary work particularly in Asian countries, based in Goa, India. Francisco Xavier visited Japan in 1549 and stayed here for two years, since he was very interested in Japanese culture.  He heard about Japan...

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In Nagasaki in the 19th century, when antigovernment forces against the Tokugawa Shogunate was rising, many promising youths anxious to study new technology and culture of Western countries for the sake of Japan’s modernization gathered together from every direction of the country. This stemmed from that Nagasaki of the day was one and only window of Japan to be opened to foreign countries such as The Netherlands and China, thus...

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Better known as ‘Gunkanjima’ because its distant view resembles ‘gunkan’, literally translated into a warship, like in the picture above, ‘Hashima’,off the coast of Nagasaki City, was inhabited by more than 5,000 workers and their family engaged in coal mining at the golden age. There were running many undersea tunnels for the coal mining at the deepest point of 1,000 meters. Japan’s first...

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The second A-bomb dropped on to Nagasaki in August 9, 1945, took 150 thousand lives out of 240 thousand, the whole population of Nagasaki City of the day. Although the A-bomb for Nagasaki was 1.5 times more destructive than that for Hiroshima, the damage to Nagasaki was less serious than the counterpart because Nagasaki is hilly and the ground zero was 3km north of the heart of the city beyond a hill , for that reason the bomb blast...

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The Chinese people who lved in Nagasaki, Japan’s one and only foreign trade port during the period of national seclusion, established ‘Sofukuji’ temple, whose head priest was a high-ranking one invited from China. The Chinese in Nagasaki built several temples of this kind in order to prove to be a Buddhist, because Christianity was strictly prohibited by then government. This is a Zen temple, nonetheless the exterior...

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In the last part of the 19th century when the prohibition order on the missionary work of Christianity in Japan came to an end, this church in the picture was built by a high-ranking French priest. This was dedicated to the 26 Japanese Martyrs sacrificed in Nagasaki and was a national treasure before the war. The original specifications of the church was discovered in Paris in 2007, showing that today’s structure is basically...

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