“Sengan-en” Japanese garden, also known as “Iso-teien”, is one of the best examples of “shakkei” garden.
Three kilometers east of the central part of Kagoshima City, there is “Sengan-en” garden with an old villa, facing “Kagoshima-wan” bay, another name “Kinko-wan” bay.
This Japanese garden was originally built by the nineteenth lord of the Satsuma domain in the 17th century, and was refined many times by the successive lords. The characteristic feature of this garden is a skilfull adoption of “shakkei” technic. *”Shakkei” means a garden designed to benefit from its surrounding scenery.
Sakurajima volcano is likened to a miniature hill with Kagoshima bay serving as a pond, as shown in the first picture. This garden was used for a villa of the Shimazu family, but after the Meiji Restoration in the 19th century, it had become their principal residence, which is shown in the second picture.
By Masahisa Takaki.
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